Toulouse-Lautrec at the Musée du Luxembourg
In late-1904, the Musée du Luxembourg held a retrospective of Toulouse-Lautrec's work. It was the first retrospective of a modernist to be held at that museum. When the exhibition closed in early-1905, benefactors to the Luxembourg (the Société des Amis du Luxembourg) sought to donate Lautrec's “Portrait of Monsieur Delaporte in the Jardin de Paris,” a painting whose modernist style and licentious subject scandalized the fine arts committees to which the Luxembourg's curator reported. In this article, Dr. Clark traces how the Luxembourg, though it refused this “Portrait,” used the incipient conflict with those fine arts committees to catalyze both its independence from them and its future acquisition of other modernist paintings.