"The European Immigration Dispositif": Lecture by Ozden Ocak
International Studies Program welcomes Dr. Ozden Ocak, a Visiting Scholar at New York University Center for European and Mediterranean Studies.
Lecture: “The European Immigration Dispositif: Global Governmentality in an Era of Postcolonial Neoliberalism”
Since the late 1990’s, immigration has increasingly been seen as a major threat to the security of the European Union that defined itself as an Area of Freedom Security and Justice. The dominant view thus sees the European border and migration management policies as attempts to prevent migratory flows by what is called a “fortress Europe,” reducing the immigration policies to the restrictions on mobility and increasing anti-immigrant hostility. Complicating this repressive characterization with a genealogical analysis of the immigration problem that does not take it as a given, I will discuss how it is constructed through an ensemble of discursive and non-discursive mechanisms that I call the European immigration dispositif. Analyzing the operation of this dispositif at national, intra-European, and world-scales, I will suggest that immigration politics is not about solving a given problem but rather ordering the neoliberal transformation of Europe—new ways of thinking and acting on it as an object of government, the reorganization of its economic and power relations vis-à-vis former colonies, and the reproduction of the national bodies of individual states, in particular France.