Full Description: The Global Studies Seminar welcomes Russell Shekha, assistant professor of sociology/anthropology, presenting “Universal Human Rights as Power Resources: Social Spending in 18 Latin American Nations from 1980-2010.,” In this study Shekha analyzes the determinants of social security and welfare, health, and education spending levels in 18 Latin American nations from 1980-2010 using pooled, time-series methods. Welfare state studies of Western samples focus mostly on the effects of industrialization, demographics, politics and labor, and economic globalization, though expansions to developing nations further emphasize the effects of regime type and neoliberal globalization. Shekha extends Power Resource theory to include universal human rights as important political tools and actors that can protect the welfare state in regions such as Latin America. He shows, regardless of their varying effects, that international human rights treaty ratifications and National Human Rights Institutions adoptions explain variations in social spending levels in Latin America as well or better than traditional welfare state theories. These results suggest that just as economic globalization often works to dismantle the welfare state, universal human rights are powerful internationally-based political resources implemented at the national level to resist retrenchments caused by neoliberalism. Free and open to the public.
Address: Slayter Hall, Denison University, 200 Ridge Road, Granville, OH 43023
Open to Public: Yes