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Karl Sandin dr. Sandin, Karl Sandin

Associate Professor
Faculty  |  Art History & Visual Culture, Environmental Studies
Bryant Arts Center
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Rutgers University

Karl Sandin is an urbanist and urban/architectural historian teaching in Denison's Art History Program. His courses include surveys of classical, Medieval, and Renaissance/Baroque art, architecture and planning. Recent seminars include 'Cities Ancient and Modern', 'Sustainable Urban Landscape', and First-Year seminars on housing and homelessness. He links courses and research engagement with Denison's Environmental Studies Program and John W. Alford Center for Service-Learning. His research concerns the nature of neighborhoods and public spaces in urban settings, and in particular on issues of landscape, equity and diversity, and 'mat urbanism'.

Most recently he has engaged in community-based design facilitation with the City of Newark, Ohio. Students in several courses have been involved. These efforts include the 2007 Newark Charrette and the current East Main Street redesign project, undertaken with Newark city officials, local designers/planners, and Columbus, Ohio's Neighborhood Design Center, affiliated with the Knowlton School of Architecture and Planning, The Ohio State University. He received his Ph.D from Rutgers¾The State University of New Jersey in Art/Architectural History, and has been at Denison since 1989.

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Jesse Schlotterbeck dr. Schlotterbeck, Jesse Schlotterbeck

Jesse Schlotterbeck
Assistant Professor
Faculty  |  Cinema
Cinema House
B.A., Oberlin College; M.A., Ph.D., University of Iowa

Jesse Schlotterbeck received his Ph.D. in Film Studies from the University of Iowa in 2010 and began a tenure-track appointment with the Cinema Department in 2011. He teaches Film Aesthetics and Analysis (CINE 104), History of Cinema (CINE 326), Theory of Cinema (CINE 412), and the Film Studies Seminar (CINE 408), most recently as Genres, Authors, and Stars.

His research focuses on American film genres – in particular, the musical, the biopic, and film noir. Recent publications include:

  • Masculinity, Race, and the Blues in the Bizpic Cadillac Records.” In Anxiety Muted: American Film Music in a Suburban Age, edited by Tony Bushard and Stanley Pelkey, 188-204. London: Oxford University Press, 2014.
  • I’m Not There: Transcendent Thanatography.” In The Biopic in Contemporary Film Culture, edited by Tom Brown and Belén Vidal, 227-242. London: Routledge, 2013.
  • Radio Noir in the USA.” In A Companion to Film Noir, edited by Helen Hanson and Andrew Spicer, 423-439. London: Blackwell, 2013.

Additional essays appear in The Journal of Popular Film and Television, Other Modernities, Scope: An Online Journal of Film and Television Studies, M/C – A Journal of Media and Culture, and Film Noir: The Directors (Limelight, 2012). Current scholarship includes an analysis of “A Hard Day’s Night as a Post-Studio Era Musical Biopic” and an archival research project on the Howard Hawks film Sergeant York (1941).

Dr. Schlotterbeck is currently serving on the Student Research Grants Committee at Denison and the Graduate Student Essay Award Committee for the Society for Cinema & Media Studies. At Denison, he has also worked as a meditation instructor at The Open House, a planner and leader for the Philadelphia Arts pre-orientation trip, and as a group facilitator for the Restorative Justice initiative.

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Tom Schultz dr. Schultz, Thomas Schultz

Tom Schultz
Tight Family Professor in the Natural Sciences, Behavioral Ecologist
Faculty  |  Biology, Environmental Studies
Samson Talbot Hall of Biological Science
B.A., University of Chicago; Ph.D., University of Texas
Academic Positions: 
  • Professor of Biology, Department of Biology at Denison University, 2000 - present
  • Chair, Department of Biology at Denison University, 1998-2001
  • Director, Denison University Biological Reserve, 1994-2003
  • Visiting Lecturer, Department of Biology at Yale University, 1988-1990
  • Post-doctoral Research Associate, Department of Zoology at Arizona State University, 1985-1987
  • Lecturer, Department of Zoology at The University of Texas at Austin, 1983-1984
  • First Year Studies: Animal Talk
  • Introduction to the Science of Biology
  • Ecology & Evolution
  • Biology of Insects
  • Animal Behavior
  • Senior Research
Research Keywords: 
Behavioral Ecologist
Research Overview: 
Production, perception and function of color in sexual signals and defensive tactics of insects.
Research Details: 

Communication signals have both content, information intended to change the behavior of a receiver, and structural properties that determine how the information is transmitted from sender to receiver. My research concerns how the structural properties of visual signals evolve and are shaped by the ecology and environment of animals, whether they are detected by mates, rivals, or predators.

The males of many animals exhibit conspicuous colors that attract mates, advertise fitness, and mitigate conflict between rivals. However, visual signals may be intercepted inadvertently by other species and intentionally by predators. Color patterns evolve in response to some or all of these selection pressures within the limits of an animal's ability to see and produce color. Damselflies are an excellent group of organisms for studying these tensions, as they are highly visual, sexually dimorphic, and vulnerable to visual predators. Some species exhibit courtship displays, territorial behavior, or occur in assemblages of closely related species where signals may be confused. The learning and behavioral repertoires of damselflies are limited and their visual environments are relatively simple to characterize. These qualities make it possible to focus on the properties of color signals that make them more or less easy to detect, and their role in transmitting information.

I am also especially interested in the function of structural colors in insects, which have unique optical properties that may be tuned to certain viewing conditions. Insects produce structural colors through ultrastructural modifications of their exoskeleton. In combination with pigments, structural colors have the capacity to produce a wide variety of adaptive color patterns ranging from the flashing iridescence of some damselflies to the camouflage of tiger beetles.


I find it very satisfying and fun to explore the natural world, but my real passion is for the learning process. The challenge of being exposed to a new idea, questioning it, evaluating it, and even testing it, is very fulfilling for me. I especially enjoy making connections between seemingly disparate ideas or concepts in different disciplines (an important ability in a time when boundaries between scientific disciplines are becoming blurred). The courses I teach all involve integrating different approaches and levels of organization. Sometimes I think I have the perfect job in that I am paid to learn new things and share them with students, and to help them to develop a "Swiss Army Knife" of critical thinking skills. With these skills, they can become good leaders and thoughtful citizens in any field, and better able to face the uncertainty of the future.


* Student co-authors

  • Schultz,T.D. & O. M. Fincke. 2009. Structural colors create a flashing cue for sexual recognition and mate quality in a Neotropical giant damselfly . Functional Ecology. v. 23 p. 724-732
  • Seago, A., Brady, P., Vigneron, J-P. & Schultz, T.D.. 2009. Gold bugs and beyond: A review of iridescence and structural color mechanisms in beetles (Coleoptera) . Journal of the Royal Society Interface. v. 6 p. S165-S184
  • Schultz, T.D.. 2009. Diversity and habitats of a prairie assemblage of Odonata at Lostwood National Wildlife Refuge, North Dakota. Journal of Kansas Entomological Society. v. 82 p. 91-102
  • Schultz, T.D., C.N. Anderson*, & L. B. Symes*. 2008. The conspicuousness of colour cues in male pond damselflies depends on ambient light and visual system. Animal Behaviour. v. 76 p. 1357-1364
  • Fincke, O.M., A. Fargevielle, & T. D. Schultz. 2007. Lack of innate preference for morph and species identity in mate-searching Enallagma damselflies. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. v. 61 p. 1121-1131
  • Fincke, O.M., R. Jodicke, D. Paulson, & T. D. Schultz. 2005. The frequency of female-specific color polymorphisms in Holarctic Odonata: why are male-like females typically the minority? . International Journal of Odonatology. v. 8 p. 183-212
  • Schultz, T. D. 2001. Tiger beetle defenses revisited: alternative defense strategies and colorations in two neotropical tiger beetles, Odontocheila nicaraguensis and Pseudoxycheila tarsalis (Carabidae: Cicindelinae). Coleopterists Bulletin. v. 55 p. 153-163
  • Schultz, T. D. & J. Puchalski *. 2001. Chemical Defenses in the Tiger Beetle Pseudoxycheila tarsalis Bates (Carabidae: Cicindelinae). Coleopterists Bulletin. v. 55 p. 164-166
  • Kirkton, S. D.* & T. D. Schultz. 2001. Age-specific behavior and habitat selection of adult male damselflies, Calopteryx maculata (Odonata: Calopterygidae). Journal of Insect Behavior. v. 14 no. 4 p. 545-556
  • Schultz, T. D. 1998. The utilization of patchy thermal microhabitats by the ectothermic insect predator, Cicindela sexguttata. Ecological Entomology. v. 23 p. 444-450
  • Knisley, C. B. & T. D. Schultz. 1997. The Biology of Tiger Beetles and a Guide to the Species of the South Atlantic States. Virginia Museum of Natural History, Martinsville, VA. p. 236 pp
  • Schultz, T. D., M. Quinlan & N. F. Hadley. 1992. Preferred body temperature, metabolic physiology, and water balance of adult Cicindela longilabris: a comparison of populations from boreal habitats and climatic refugia. Physiological Zoology. v. 65 p. 226-242
  • Hadley, N. F., A. Savill, & T. D. Schultz. 1992. Coloration and its thermal consequences in the New Zealand tiger beetle Neocicindela perhispida. J. Thermal Biology. v. 17 p. 55-61
  • Schultz, T. D. 1991. Tiger Hunt. Natural History. p. 38-44
  • Schultz, T. D.& G. Bernard. 1990. Pointillistic mixing of interference colors in cryptic tiger beetles. Nature. v. 337 p. 72-73
  • Hadley, N. F., T. D. Schultz, & A. C. Savill. 1988. Spectral reflectances of three subspecies of the tiger beetle Neocicindela perhispida: correlations with their respective habitat substrates. New Zealand J. of Zoology. v. 15 p. 343-346
  • Schultz, T. D. & N. F. Hadley. 1987. Microhabitat segregation and physiological differences in co-occurring tiger beetle species, Cicindela oregona and Cicindela tranquebarica. Oecologia. v. 73 p. 363-370
  • Schultz, T. D. & N. F. Hadley. 1987. Structural colors of tiger beetles and their role in heat transfer through the integument. Physiological Zoology. v. 60 p. 737-745
  • Schultz, T. D. 1986. The role of structural colors in predator avoidance by tiger beetles of the genus Cicindela. Bulletin of the Entomological Society of America. v. 32 p. 142-146
  • Schultz, T. D. & M. A. Rankin. 1985. The ultrastructure of epicuticular interference reflectors of tiger beetles (Cicindela). J. Experimental Biology. v. 117 p. 88-110
  • Schultz, T. D. & M. A. Rankin. 1985. Developmental changes in the interference reflectors and colorations of tiger beetles (Cicindela). J. Experimental Biology. v. 117 p. 111-118
Student Collaborations: 

One of the best aspects of being at a small college is the opportunity for close faculty-student collaboration on independent research. I have had the pleasure of advising a number of undergraduate students who have conducted a variety of outstanding research projects, many of which have been presented at national scientific meetings. As a research advisor, I involve students in my studies of insect behavioral ecology or enlist students interested in conservation biology in conducting inventories and monitoring studies at the Bio Reserve and other sites in Licking County. In almost all cases, these projects require a summer of field work prior to the senior year. In the past, my summer research students have been supported with Anderson Research Fellowships or stipends provided through the Denison University Research Foundation.

Research Projects Supervised

  • Brindle, A. 2008. Differing social environments between primate populations may generate false positive evidence of cultural variation. *
  • Gorsich, E. 2008. Ommochrome signaling in male Enallagma damselflies: can long wavelength coloration be correlated with territorial behavior? *
  • Bring, B. 2007. A study of odonate community development, habitat preferences, and colonization among ponds and artificial wetlands at Dawes Arboretum.
  • Horn, J. 2007. Suburban habitat fragmentation: effects on migratory and residential songbirds in Central Ohio. *
  • Symes, L. 2007. Polychromatism and sex identity signals in the damselfly genus Enallagma. *
  • Symes, L. 2006. Polychromatism in the damselfly Enallagma civile and an assessment of the Male-Mimicry Hypothesis. (Poster presented at 2006 Meeting of the Ecological Society of America).
  • Hughes, D. 2005. The interspecific roosting behaviors of the Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura) and Black Vulture (Corapgys atratus).
  • Dunlevy, J. 2003. Investigations of summer bird residents at five sites within Licking County.
  • Anderson, C. 2002. Enallagma damselfly colors as visual signals in relation to ambient light and visual backgrounds. * (Poster presented at 2002 Meeting of the Ecological Society of America).
  • Bucci, L. 2002. Effects of vegetation and landscape on butterfly diversity and abundance. *
  • Clark, E. 2002. Corellations of odonate diversity with lotic habitat characteristics.
  • Menninger, H. 2000. Examining the ecology of an indicator taxon: damselfly species diversity and the role of habitat heterogeneity. * (Paper presented at 2000 Meeting of Ohio Odonata Society).
  • Hauck, A. 1999. Correlation between male damselfly colorations and the light environments of courtship arenas. *
  • Menninger, H. 1999. Initiation of a long-term monitoring program for Odonata at the Denison University Biological Reserve. (Poster presented at 1999 Meeting of the Entomological Society of America).
  • Kirkton, S. 1997. Babes in the woods: age-specific dispersal in the territorial damselfly, Calopteryx maculata. * (Paper presented at 1997 Meeting of the Ecological Society of America).
  • Scheub, C. 1997. Diversity and abundance of the Papilionoidea at the Denison University Biological Reserve.* (Poster presented at 1996 Meeting of the Entomological Society of America).
  • Kirkton, S. 1996. Why do male ebony jeweling damselflies (Calopteryx maculata) aggregate far from territorial breeding sites? (Poster presented at 1996 Meeting of the Entomological Society of America).
  • Casey, J. 1996. The significance of interference colors and visual communication in Phidippus audax, the daring jumping spider. *
  • Godfrey, P. 1996. Optimal site choice and foraging posture of the ambush predator Phymata fasciatus. *
  • Forbes, B. 1995. Substrate matching and cryptic defenses in the toad bug Gelastocoris oculatus. *
  • Stocker, E. 1995. Spectral sensitivity of the visual system in the praying mantis, Sphrodomantis lineola. (Paper presented at the 1994 Meeting of the Entomological Society of America).
  • Angalich, L. 1994. Correlation between conspicuousness and escape flight behavior among species of tiger beetles. * (Poster presented at the 1993 Meeting of the Entomological Society of America).
  • Gallo, T. 1994. A review of the history and efficacy of the Endangered Species Act and prospect for its renewal. *
  • Price, C. 1994. A comparative study of insect colonization and decomposition of pig carrion in central Ohio. * (Paper presented at the 1994 Meeting of the Ohio Academy of Science).
  • Puchalski, J. 1994. Comparative chemical analysis of the defensive secretions of tiger beetles (Cicindelidae) and leave beetles (Chrysomelidae). *
  • Van Antwerp, A. 1994. Light gap utilization and behavioral thermoregulation by the green forest tiger beetle, Cicindela sexguttata. * (Poster presented at the 1993 Meeting of the Entomological Society of America).

* denotes Honors Project

Professional Memberships: 
  • Animal Behavior Society
  • Coleopterist's Society
  • Dragonfly Society of America
  • Ecological Society of America
  • International Society of Behavioral Ecology
  • Ohio Odonata Society
  • Society for the Study of Evolution
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Lynn Schweizer Schweizer, Lynn Schweizer

Lynn Schweizer
Associate Professor, Senior Associate Director of Athletics & Recreation, Director of Club Sports, Intramurals & Recreation
Faculty, Staff  |  Physical Education, Big Red Athletics, Recreational Sports & Fitness
Mitchell Recreation and Athletics Center
B.S., Ohio University; M.A., Ohio State University

Senior Associate Director of Athletics, Physical Education and Recreation Lynn Schweizer brings 40 years of experience in athletics to Denison University. As part of her athletic administrative role, Schweizer serves as the North Coast Athletic Conference administrative liaison to the both the Swimming and Diving Committee, and the Student-Athlete Advisory Committee

In addition to assisting with the intercollegiate athletics program, Schweizer also serves as Denison’s Director of Club Sports and Intramurals. One of the model recreation programs in Division III, approximately 700 students participate in Denison’s offering of 32 club sports.  Additionally, over 30 percent of the student body competes annually in Denison’s extensive intramural sports program.

Schweizer has been honored frequently throughout her distinguished career but in 2004 she was selected as one of 20 Sports Ethics Fellows by the Institute for International Sports. The Sports Ethics Fellows were chosen for ability to inspire and motivate others to make sports a positive, character building experience for every athlete.

Prior to moving into an administrative role, Schweizer spent over 15 years as a coach in the Denison athletic department.  She began her coaching career in 1973 as the head women's basketball coach, a position she held until 1980. From 1974 through 1985 she served as the head women's swimming coach and from 1974-86 she held the title of head women’s diving coach. Denison has grown into one of the top swimming and diving programs in the nation and Schweizer played a large role in the development of the men’s and women’s program’s in the 70s and 80s.

In 1983 Schweizer coached a record six Denison athletes to the Division III national championship meet in Canton, Ohio.  That year Nancy Dunn became Denison's first national champion (in any sport) when she won the 50-yard butterfly. In 1986 Schweizer was named the NCAA Women’s National Diving Coach of the Year after coaching Natalie Gibbs and Tiffany Jeisel to a pair of All-American performances at the Division III Championship. Schweizer also coached the men’s diving team from 1984-86 and at the 1986 national championship, Rob Burnett became the first male All-American diver in school history. Additionally, Schweizer coached Denison's synchronized swimming teams from 1974-79. In the fall of 2010, Schweizer was inducted into the Denison Swimming and Diving Hall of Fame.

Schweizer was instrumental in the development of the Physical Education program at Denison, serving as the department chair for 19 years from 1985 through 2004. Part of Schweizer's administrative role has included serving on many committees to further develop and improve not only the athletics program but the educational aspect, as well.  During her tenure, she has served on over 40 campus committees and currently serves on the Committee on Intercollegiate Athletics (CIA); Eating Disorder Intervention Team (EDIT); CARE Advocate; Denison Student-Athlete Advisory Council (DSAAC); Varsity D Association Athletic Hall of Fame; APER Facilities Committee; and the University Signage Committee.

In addition to her work on various campus committees, Schweizer is active in the local community and has been the chair of the American Red Cross Water Safety board for Licking County for over 20 years. In 2002, she was awarded the Licking County Red Cross Outstanding Community Achievement Award for her 35 plus years as a volunteer for the Red Cross.

Schweizer earned her bachelor’s degree in physical education and health from Ohio University in 1971, and went on to receiver her master’s in physical education from The Ohio State University in 1980.

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Carolyn Scott Scott, Carolyn Scott

Visiting Assistant Professor (part-time)
Faculty  |  First-Year Program
Higley Hall
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Mark Seamon dr. Seamon, Mark Seamon

Dr.Seamon, Mark Seamon
Assistant Professor
Faculty  |  Theatre
Theatre Arts Building - Ace Morgan Theatre
B.A., University of Notre Dame; M.A., Miami University (Ohio); Ph.D., Ohio State University

Mark Seamon (Assistant Professor) holds his B.A. in Communication and Theatre from the University of Notre Dame, M.A. in Theatre from Miami University (Ohio), and Ph.D. in Theatre from The Ohio State University. Mark's research interests include acting and directing, contemporary American drama, solo performance, theatre for young audiences, musical theatre, and race and gender studies. Mark is a director, stage manager, and active member of the Association for Theatre in Higher Education (ATHE), the American Society for Theatre Research (ASTR), and the Mid-America Theatre Conference (MATC). He teaches acting and directing at Denison.

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Russell K. Shekha Shekha, K. Russell K. Shekha

Assistant Professor
Faculty  |  Sociology / Anthropology, Environmental Studies, International Studies
Blair Knapp Hall
B.A., Florida Atlantic University; M.S., Ph.D., Florida State University

Assistant Professor of Sociology/Anthropology K. Russell Shekha joined the faculty in 2012. He received his B.A. in Anthropology with magna cum laude honors from Florida Atlantic University. Dr. Shekha earned his M.S. and Ph.D. in Sociology from the Florida State University. His advanced training and specializations include the Sociology of Human Rights, the Welfare State, Collective Behavior and Social Movements, Political Sociology and Public Policy, Latin America, and Quantitative, Qualitative and Comparative-Historical Methodologies.

"At Denison University I focus specifically on providing engaged and active learning experiences to our students in the use of survey research methods to analyze social patterns and problems, the impacts of universal human rights and global/transnational social movements on society and culture, and the development of socio-political forces in Latin American societies. I work to generate excitement and understanding of American and global society and culture more broadly in our introductory course.

I extend teaching beyond the classroom to mentor our students throughout their academic careers. For example, I offer office hours on a regular basis, advise students on academic course and discipline selections, and provide tools and resources to balance academic, extracurricular, and social life. Just as importantly, I mentor seniors and summer scholars students as they develop their own independent interests culminating in top quality research projects that help prepare them for the variety of work that our majors do after they leave Denison.

My research interests are fueled by a desire to understand how universal human rights, global/transnational social movements, democratization, and globalization impact poverty/inequality, access to quality public health and educations, improvements in social welfare systems, and social equality for groups such as migrant workers, children, women, and racial/ethnic minorities. I also do research on public attitudes towards the welfare state and human rights which complement my larger interests above. I do all of this primarily using quantitative, sociological methods and blend and integrate sociological, anthropological, political economy, and international theoretical perspectives. My geographic interests are primarily in Latin America and other democratizing and developing regions, but also in the United States and Western Europe."

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Jack Shuler dr. Shuler, Jack Shuler

Dr.Shuler, Jack Shuler
Associate Professor & John and Christine Warner Professor
Faculty  |  English
Barney-Davis Hall
B.A., Guilford College; M.F.A., Brooklyn College; Ph.D., Graduate Center, City University of New York

Jack Shuler is associate professor of English and teaches courses in early American literature and Black Studies. He earned his Ph.D. in English from the Graduate Center – CUNY in 2007. His book Calling Out Liberty: The Stono Slave Rebellion and the Universal Struggle for Human Rights (Mississippi University Press, 2009) explores the development of human rights in early America repositioning the often-assumed sources of these important and often challenged ideals.

His second book, Blood and Bone: Truth and Reconciliation in a Southern Town (University of South Carolina Press, February 2012), examines the 1968 Orangeburg Massacre, the killing of three black students at a historically black college in Orangeburg, South Carolina, Shuler’s hometown. Part memoir, part history, the book explores how the community has and has not changed since 1968 in an effort to understand the challenges of racial reconciliation in the 21st century. Shuler’s criticism, interviews, reviews, and poems have appeared in the Columbia Journal of American Studies, Southern Studies, South Carolina Review, Fast Capitalism, Reconstructions: Studies in Contemporary Culture, Hanging Loose, The Brooklyn Review, Big City Lit, and Failbetter.

Before teaching at Denison, Shuler taught at Brooklyn College and worked as a project and development director for the Brooklyn College Community Partnership, an organization working to expose youth in under-served communities to the college experience.

Shuler teaches ENG 230 (American Literature before 1900), FYS 101 (Writing and Human Rights), and special topics courses on American literature and slavery.


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Margot Singer dr. Singer, Margot Singer

Margot Singer
Associate Professor, Director of Creative Writing
Interim Associate Director of the Gilpatrick Center
Faculty  |  English, Gilpatrick Center for Student Research & Fellowships
Barney-Davis Hall
A.B., Harvard University; M.Phil., Oxford University; Ph.D., University of Utah
Margot Singer teaches courses in creative writing and literature, with a specialty in fiction and creative nonfiction writing. She currently holds the Dominick Consolo Endowed Professorship. 
Singer is the author of a book of linked stories, The Pale of Settlement (University of Georgia Press, 2007), which won the Flannery O'Connor Award for Short Fiction. Singer is also the co-editor of Bending Genre: Essays on Creative Nonfiction (Bloomsbury Academic, 2013), a compilation of critical essays. 
Her stories and essays have appeared in a range of literary magazines, including: The Kenyon Review, Conjunctions, The Gettysburg Review, Shenandoah, The Normal School, The Sun, and many others. Her honors include the James Jones First Novel Fellowship, the Glasgow Prize for Emerging Writers, the Reform Judaism Prize for Jewish Fiction, the Thomas H. Carter Award for the Essay, and a National Endowment for the Arts Fellowship in prose. 
Singer directs the Creative Writing Program as well as the Reynolds Young Writers Workshop, Denison's summer creative writing program for high school writers.


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Janet Slee Slee, Janet Slee

Visiting Instructor (part-time)
Faculty  |  Physical Education
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Jordan Slomovitz Slomovitz, Jordan Slomovitz

Visiting Instructor (part-time)
Faculty  |  Physical Education
Mitchell Recreation and Athletics Center
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David Smith Smith, David Smith

Smith, David Smith
Visiting Assistant Professor
Faculty  |  Biology
Samson Talbot Hall of Biological Science
B.S., Texas State University; Ph.D., Northern Arizona University
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Geoff Smith dr. Smith, Geoffrey Smith

Geoff Smith
Professor and Henry Chisholm Chair in the Natural Sciences, Amphibian Ecologist
Faculty  |  Biology
Samson Talbot Hall of Biological Science
413/lab 502
B.A., Earlham College; Ph.D., University of Nebraska, Lincoln
Academic Positions: 
  • Associate Professor, Department of Biology at Denison University, 2006 - present
  • Assistant Professor, Department of Biology at Denison University, 2000 - 2006
  • Assistant Professor, Department of Biology at William Jewell College, Liberty, MO, 1997 - 2000
  • Visiting Assistant Professor, Department of Biology at Earlham College, Richmond, IN, 1996 - 1997
Honors & Awards: 

Fellowships and Honors

  • National Science Foundation Predoctoral Fellowship
  • Presidential Fellowship, University of Nebraska
Research Keywords: 
Amphibian Ecologist
Research Overview: 
Ecology of amphibians and reptiles, especially how human alterations of the environment affect individuals and communities.
Research Details: 

Broadly speaking, my research lies within the realm of ecology. In particular, I am interested in how individuals, populations, and communities are affected by their interactions with their environment, both the living and physical components. Much of my research program focuses on these questions as they pertain to reptiles and amphibians, and so some would identify me as a herpetologist. My research program also has become increasingly concerned with understanding how anthropogenic, or human-induced, alterations of the environment influence amphibians and reptiles. I am especially interested in examining how the introduction of non-native species and chemical pollutants affect amphibian and reptile individuals and communities.

I also collaborate with a colleague at the Universidad Nacional Autonomia de Mexico to study the ecology of Mexican reptiles and amphibians, and with a colleague at Earlham College (John Iverson) to study the ecology of turtles in Dewart Lake in northern Indiana and iguanas in Bahamas. I am very interested in including students in my research.

  • Ballinger, R.E., J.D. Lynch, and G.R. Smith. 2010. Amphibians and Reptiles of Nebraska. Rusty Lizard Press, Oro Valley, AZ.
  • Lemos-Espinal, J.A., G.R. Smith, and G.A. Woolrich-Piña. 2012. The Family Xenosauridae in Mexico. ECO Herpetological Publishing, Rodeo, NM.
  • Smith, G.R., and C.J. Dibble. 2012. Effects of an invasive fish (Gambusia affinis) and anthropogenic nutrient enrichment on American toad (Anaxyrus americanus) tadpoles. Journal of Herpetology. v. 46 p. 198-202
  • Smith, G.R., and A.A. Burgett. 2012. Interaction between two species of tadpoles mediated by nutrient enrichment. Herpetolgica. v. 68 p. 174-183
  • Li, Y., Z. Ke, S. Wang, G.R. Smith, and X. Liu. 2011. An exotic species is the favorite prey of a native enemy. PLoS ONE. v. 6 no. 9 p. e24299
  • Krishnamurthy, S.V., and G.R. Smith, and X. Liu. 2010. Growth, abnormalities, and mortality of free feeding tadpoles of American toad Bufo americanus exposed to combinations of malathion and nitrate. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. v. 29 no. p. 2777-2782
  • Smith, G.R., A. Boyd, C.B. Dayer, M.E. Ogle, A.J. Terlecky, and C.J. Dibble. 2010. Effects of sibship and the presence of multiple predators on the behavior of green frog (Rana clamitans) tadpoles. Ethology. v. 116 no. p. 217-225
  • Iverson, J.B., S.J. Converse, G.R. Smith, and J.M. Valiulis. 2006. Long-term trends in the demography of the Allen Cays Rock Iguana (Cyclura cychlura inornata): Human disturbance and density-dependent effects.. Biol. Conserv. . v. 132 no. p. 300-310
  • Smith, G.R., H.A. Dingfelder, and D.A. Vaala. 2004. Asymmetric competition between Rana clamitans and Hyla versicolor tadpoles. Oikos. v. 105 no. p. 626-632
  • Burger, A.C., G.R. Smith, and J.E. Rettig. . 2011. Competition between invasive mosquitofish and native bluegill sunfish. Ecological Society of America meeting. Austin, TX
  • Rettig, J.E. and G.R. Smith. 2008. Double duty courses: Using an ecology course to fulfill a general education requirement for oral communication. Ecological Society of America annual meeting. Milwaukee, WI
  • Smith, G.R.. 2008. Ecology's role in solving environmental problems: A module-based environmental science course for non-majors. Ecological Society of America meeting. Wilwaukee, WI
  • Smith, G.R., C.J. Dibble, and J.E. Rettig. 2008. Small fish, big effects: The impacts of mosquitofish and ammonium nitrate on tadpoles, zooplankton, and phytoplankton. Ecological Society of America. Milwaukee, WI
  • Dayer, C.B., C.J. Dibble, and G.R. Smith. 2007. Variation in American toad tadpole and metamorph performance among three ponds. Joint Meeting of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists. St. Louis, MO
Professional Memberships: 
  • American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists
  • British Herpetological Society
  • Ecological Society of America
  • Herpetologists’ League
  • International Reptile Conservation Foundation
  • Natural History Society of Maryland
  • Phi Beta Kappa
  • Sigma Xi
  • Societas Europae Herpetologica
  • Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles
  • Southwestern Association of Naturalists
Professional Service (includes Denison Service): 

Editor, Journal of Herpetology 2006 - 2008, 2010 (Associate Editor from 1998-2005, 2010-present)

Reviewer: Acta Oecologica, American Midland Naturalist, Amphibia-Reptilia, Animal Biology, Animal Conservation, Applied Herpetology, Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, Behavioral Ecology, Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, Biologia, Biological Conservation, Biological Invasions, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, Biopesticides International, BIOS, Canadian Journal of Zoology, Caribbean Journal of Science, Chemosphere, Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, Comparative Biochemistry and Physiolog, Conservation Biology, Contemporary Herpetology, Copeia, Cuadernos de Herpetologia, Ecological Applications, Ecology, Environmental Pollution, Environmental Science and Technology, Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Ethology, Ethology, Ecology & Evolution, Functional Ecology, Fundamental and Applied Limnology, Global Change Biology, Hamadryad, Herpetologica, Herpetological Conservation and Biology, Herpetological Journal, Herpetological Natural History, Herpetological Review, Hydrobiologia, Journal of Animal Ecology, Journal of Comparative Psychology, Journal of Experimental Zoology Part A, Journal of Herpetology, Journal of Natural History, Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Journal of Zoology, Marine & Freshwater Research, Northeastern Naturalist, Oecologia, Ohio Journal of Science, Oikos, Phyllomedusa, Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, Revista de Biologia Tropical, Southwestern Naturalist, Toxicological and Environmental Chemistry, Transactions of the Nebraska Academy of Sciences, Western North American Naturalist, Zoological Science

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Mitchell Snay dr. Snay, Mitchell Snay

Mitchell Snay
US History to 1877
Faculty  |  History, Black Studies
Fellows Hall
B.A., University of Michigan; Ph.D., Brandeis University

Mitchell Snay teaches courses in American history from the colonial period through Reconstruction. These classes include the first half of the introductory survey course in U.S. History, historiographical seminars on Puritan New England and Southern history, and upper level courses on the Jeffersonian, Jacksonian, and Civil War eras.

A Chicago native, Snay was educated at the University of Michigan and Brandeis University, where he received his Ph.D. in the History of American civilization. Before coming to Denison in 1986, Snay was a Lecturer in History and Literature at Harvard University. His research and writing focuses on the political and intellectual history of the United States between 1815 and 1877. He is the author of three books: Gospel of Disunion: Religion and Separatism in the Antebellum South (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993), Fenians, Freedmen, and Southern Whites: Race and Nationality in the Era of Reconstruction (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2007), and forthcoming in August 2011 Horace Greeley and the Politics of Reform in Nineteenth-Century America (Rowman & Littlefield). He is also the co-editor of Religion and the Antebellum Debate over Slavery (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1998). Dr. Snay has published numerous articles and reviews on nineteenth-century American history

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Katherine Snipes ’02 dr. Snipes, Katherine Snipes ’2

Katherine Snipes '2
Visiting Assistant Professor
Faculty  |  Economics
Higley Hall
B.A., Denison University; M.A., Ohio State University; D.Phil., Ohio State University
Research Keywords: 
Non-market valuation, Behavioral Economics, Experimental Economics, Environmental Economics, Pedagogy in Economics
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Chuck Sokolik dr. Sokolik, Charles Sokolik

Chuck Sokolik
Associate Professor
Faculty  |  Chemistry & Biochemistry
Ebaugh Laboratories
A.B., Vassar College; Ph.D., University of California, Los Angeles
Research Keywords: 
Bioanalytical Chemistry
Research Overview: 
Engaged in a research collaboration with Gary Nishioka, Ph.D. (President, H & N Instru-ments, Newark, OH). Together they have designed, built, and refined an electrostatic printing instrument that synthesizes small micro arrays of peptides or enzymes on silicon chips.
Research Details: 
  • Enzyme and peptide microarray synthesis using electrostatic printing, Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) in combinatorial peptide array analysis, consultant and collaborator with Gary M. Nishioka, Ph.D., H & N Instruments Inc., Newark, Ohio
  • Cloning, purification and characterization of Haloarcula marismortui methionine aminopeptidase
  • Measurement of antibody/antigen binding strength using atomic force microscopy
  • Nishioka, Gary M., Sokolik, Charles W., and Borikova, Asya. Electrospray Printing of Enzyme Microarrays. (in preparation).
  • Sokolik, Charles W., Walker, Annie S., and Nishioka, Gary M. A Simple and Sensitive Assay for Microprinting Applications. (in preparation).
  • Sokolik, Charles W. 1998. A Maple program that illustrates the affect of pH on peptide charge. J. Chem. Ed. v. 75 p. 1500-1502
  • Sokolik, Charles W. 1995. Kinemages: make your own molecules for teaching. . Trends Biochem Sci. v. 20 p. 122-124
  • Shao, Ming-Chuan, Sokolik, Charles W., and Wold, Finn. 1994. Noncovalent Neoglycoproteins,in Neoglycoconjugates: Preparation and Applications. (Lee, Y. C. and Lee, R. T., ed) Academic Press Inc .
  • Sokolik, Charles W. 1994. Kinemage cookbook: a tutorial for kinemage authors. Protein Sci., 3, Number 2, Diskette Appendix.
  • Sokolik, Charles W., Liang, Chyau, and Wold, Finn. 1994. Studies on the specificity of acetylaminoacyl-peptide hydrolase. Protein Sci. (supplementary material on diskette appendix). v. 3 p. 126-131
  • Shao, Ming-Chuan, Sokolik, Charles W., and Wold, Finn. 1994. Specificity studies of the GDP-[L]-fucose: 2-acetamido-2-deoxy--[D]-glucoside (Fuc —> Asn-linked GlcNAc) 6--[L]-fucosyltransferase from rat-liver Golgi membranes . Carbohydr. Res. v. 251 p. 163-173
  • Sokolik, Charles W., and Cohen, Robert E.. 1992. Ubiquitin conjugation to cytochromes c: structure of the yeast iso-1 conjugate and possible recognition determinants. Chem.. v. 267 p. 1067-1071.
  • Norrod, E. Pinina, Mintz, Clifford S., and Sokolik, Charles W. 1985. Induction by growth medium of changes in gonococcal lipopolysaccharides. Pathogenic Neisseria, Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium. p. 395-399
  • Nishioka, Gary M., Borikova, Asya L., and Sokolik, Charles W. 2006. High Resolution Microprinting with an Electrospray Printer. National Meeting of Experimental Biology. San Francisco, CA
  • Walters, Shelby L., Miller, Clinton J., and Sokolik, Charles W. 2004. Assessment of adhesion forces between an antibody and its peptide-antigens immobilized on a silica surface using atomic force microscopy. Presented at the 227th National Meeting of the American Chemical Society. Anaheim, CA
  • McCoy, Meredith and Sokolik, Charles W. 2003. Cloning Methionine Aminopeptidase from the ExtremeHalophile Haloarcula marismortui. National Meeting of Experimental Biology. San Diego, CA
  • Sokolik, Charles W, Eschelbach, John W., and Nishioka, Gary M. 2001. Determination of the binding force of an antibody with its cognate antigen by atomic force microscopy. PITTCON. New Orleans, LA
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Ahmed S. M. Soliman Soliman, Ahmed S. M. Soliman

Ahmed S. M. Soliman
Visiting Assistant Professor
Faculty  |  Environmental Studies
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Kimberly Specht Specht, Kimberly Specht

Kimberly Specht
Associate Professor & Chair (Chemistry & Biochemistry), James M. and Carolyn O. Gillingham Endowed Professor
Faculty  |  Chemistry & Biochemistry
Ebaugh Laboratories
B.S., University of Notre Dame; M.S., Ph.D., Princeton University
Research Keywords: 
Chemical Biology
Research Overview: 
Chemistry of biological surfaces, particularly those that contain sugars, and the role of the sugars at these surfaces. Research in the group includes synthesis of a glycosylated silicate-polymer as a model surface for probing carbohydrate interactions, and the cloning, expression and characterization of penicillin-binding proteins from Bukholderia cenocepacia to study their interactions with antibiotics.
Research Details: 

My research interests are interdisciplinary in nature, spanning the traditional boundaries of synthetic organic chemistry, biochemistry and molecular biology. I am interested in the chemistry of biological surfaces, particularly those that contain sugars, and the role of the sugars at these surfaces.One project in my group looks to develop a model system for glycosylated surfaces. While cell surfaces are covered in carbohydrates, many of the details concerning interactions with carbohydrates are yet to be uncovered. In particular, we seek to develop a model system that contains sugars fixed in space and orientation to an extended sheet surface that will allow for the probing of sugar-sugar and sugar-conjugate interactions at defined spacings. My larger interest in surfaces containing sugars led me to an interest in bacterial cell walls. These cell walls contain a system of cross-linked sugars and peptides called peptidoglycan whose synthesis is the target of many commonly used antibiotics. A second on-going project studies the proteins that synthesize this peptidoglycan, called penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs), from the bacterial species Burkholderia cenocepacia. This bacterium is an opportunistic pathogen that is of clinical relevance to Cystic Fibrosis patients. It is of particular interest because it is largely resistant to antibiotics, and utilizes many resistance mechanisms. In my lab, we have identified, cloned, expressed, and isolated several PBPs from this bacterium. We have begun studies to characterize these proteins.

I have a strong interest in working with undergraduate students and many students who have worked in my lab have presented their work at national conferences. I am also interested in the research regarding the best pedagogies for teaching chemistry. This has translated into lab development and classroom strategies that explore techniques current in the literature.

  • Specht, K.M.; *Sheetz, K.; *Alexander, C.A.; *Lamech, L.T.; *O'Connor, L.H.; *Walker, D.M.; and *Stevenson, H.P. 2010. Expression and Characterization of Penicillin-Binding Proteins in Burkholderia cenocepacia. Current Microbiology. v. 60 no. 4 p. 274-279
  • Specht, K.M.; Jackson, M.; *Sunkel, B.; Boucher, M.A. 2010. Synthesis of a functionalized sheet silicate derived from apophyllite and further modification by hydrosilylation. Applied Clay Science. v. 47 p. 212-216
  • Boucher, M.A.; Specht, K.M. 2009. A Forensic-Themed Case Study for the Organic Lab . Journal of Chemical Education. v. 86 no. 7 p. 847-848
  • Fan, Q.-W.; Specht, K.M.; Zhang, C.; Goldenberg, D.D.; Shokat, K.M.; and Weiss, W.A. 2003. Combinatorial Efficacy Achieved Through Two-Point Blockade within a Signaling Pathway - A Chemical Genetic Approach. Cancer Research. v. 63 p. 8930-8938
  • Specht, K.M. and Shokat, K.M. 2002. The Emerging Power of Chemical Genetics. Current Opinion in Cell Biology. v. 14 p. 155-159
  • Specht, K.M.; Nam, J.; Ho, D.M.; Berova, N.; Kondru, R.K.; Beratan, D.N.; Wipf, P.; Pascal Jr., R.A. and Kahne, D.. 2001. Determining Absolute Configuration in Flexible Molecules: A Case Study. Journal of the American Chemical Society. v. 123 no. 37 p. 8961-8966
  • Specht, K.M.; Harris, C.R.; Molander, G.A.; and Kahne, D. 1999. SmI2 Cleavage of Chromomycin A3 Sugars. Tetrahedron Letters. v. 121 p. 1237-1238
  • Domagala, J.M.; Gogliotti, R.; Sanchez, J.P.; Stier, M.A,; Musa, K.; Song, Y.; Loo, J.; Reily, M.; Tummino, P.; Harvey, P.; Hupe, D.; Sharmeen, L.; Mack, D.; Scholten, J.; Saunders, J.; and McQuade, T. 1997. 2,2'-Dithiobisbenzamides and 2-Benzisothiazolones, Two New Classes of Antiretroviral Agents: SAR and Mechanistic Considerations. Drug Design and Discovery. v. 15 p. 49-61
  • Toledo, L.M.; Musa, K.; Lauher, J.W.; Fowler, F.W. 1. Development of Strategies for the Preparation of Designed Solids - An Investigation of the 2-Amino-4(1H)-pyrimidone Ring-System for the Molecular Self-Assembly of Hydrogen-Bonded Alpha-Networks. Chemistry of Materials. v. 7 p. 1639-1647
  • Specht, K.M. “Investigating the Cell Wall of Burkholderia cenocepacia” Invited seminar speaker at The University of Toledo, Toledo, OH, January, 2012.
  • Specht, K.M. “Antibiotics and Onion Rot: Investigating the Cell Wall of Burkholderia cenocepacia” Invited seminar speaker at John Carroll University, Cleveland, OH, November 2011.
  • Specht, K.M. “A Guided Research Project for the Organic Chemistry Lab.” Presented at the American Chemical Society 240th National Meeting in Boston, MA, August 2010.
  • Boucher, M.A.; Specht, K.M. “Was it murder? Introducing FT-IR through a case study from organic chemistry.” Presented at the 20th Biennial Conference on Chemical Education in Bloomington, IN, July 2008.
  • Specht, K.M. “Exploring Antibiotic Resistance: Identification and Expression of Penicillin-Binding Proteins from Burkholderia cenocepacia” Invited seminar speaker at Colby College, Waterville, ME, April 2008.
  • Boucher, M.A.; Specht, K.M. “Was it murder? A case study for an organic laboratory” Poster Presentation at the American Chemical Society 234th National Meeting in Boston, MA, August 2007.
  • Specht, K.M. “Adventures in Chemical Biology: Cloning and Expression of Penicillin-Binding Proteins” Invited seminar speaker at Utica College, Utica, NY, April 2007.
Student Collaborations: 
  • *Miyawaki, T.Y.; Specht, K. “Increasing the Permeability of Burkholderia cenocepacia by Inserting Targeted Genomic Mutations” Poster Presentation at the American Chemical Society 245th National Meeting in New Orleans, LA, April 2013.
  • *Weber, L.; Specht, K. “Expression of BCAL0894 in the Outer Membrane of B. cenocepacia and its Linkage to Lipopolysaccharide Presence” Poster Presentation at the American Chemical Society 245th National Meeting in New Orleans, LA, April 2013.
  • *Malik, J.; Specht, K. “Elucidating the Role of BCAL2021 in Burkholderia cenocepacia through Suicide Vector-Induced Gene Knockout” Poster Presentation at the American Chemical Society 241st National Meeting in Anaheim, CA, March 2011.
  • *Alexander, C.M.; *Lamech, L.T.; Specht, K. “Cloning and overexpression of an E. coli PBP1a homolog from Burkholderia cenocepacia into E. coli” Poster Presentation at the American Chemical Society 234th National Meeting in Boston, MA, August 2007.
  • *O’Connor, L.H.; *Lamech, L.T.; Specht, K. “Cloning and overexpression of a putative penicillin-binding protein from Burkholderia cenocepacia in E. coli” Poster Presentation at the American Chemical Society 234th National Meeting in Boston, MA, August 2007.
  • *Stevenson, H.; *Hickey, D.; Specht, K. “Bocillin™ PBP Labeling and Detection Studies” Poster Presentation at the American Chemical Society 232nd National Meeting in San Francisco, CA, September 2006.
  • *Cobb, K.B.; Specht, K.M. “In vivo Monitoring of PBP1b in E. coli” Poster Presentation at the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Annual Meeting and Centennial Celebration in San Francisco, CA, April 2006.
  • *Stevenson, H.; Specht, K. “Plasmid design for the fusion of PBP1a with the fluorescent protein GFP” Poster Presentation at the Columbus Section American Chemical Society Meeting in Columbus, OH, November 2005.

* indicates Denison University undergraduate student co-authors

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Joy Sperling dr. Sperling, Joy Sperling

Joy Sperling
Faculty  |  Art History & Visual Culture
Bryant Arts Center
M.A., M.F.A, Edinburgh University; Ph.D., University of California, Santa Barbara

Modern Art and Visual Culture: 1750-1980 (ARTH-111), History of Photography (ARTH-211), America Art and Visual Culture-Colonial to 1939 (ARTH-212), New Art (Late 20th/21st Century) (ARTH-313), Methods of Art History and Visual Culture (ARTH-380), Art History Senior Seminar: Research (ARTH-408).

Research Details: 

Research and Teaching

My research and teaching has pivoted around several interconnected themes: the interplay of dominant visualities and sites of resistance; the ways in which artistic ‘center’ and marginality are conceptualized and transgressed; the transactions between the institutions and systems of production and consumption in the dominant art world and those of popular or visual culture; and the ways in which the mass disseminations of images and ideas in the age of visual culture have enhanced, subverted, or redirected the canon in nineteenth to twenty-first century American and British art. I have explored these themes in two primary ways: one body of research addresses the broader questions posed by the relationship between high and popular art or art history and visual culture, while the other explores these connections with in-depth case studies. The thread that binds my research together is a sustained analysis of the ways in which artists, systems and even some institutions have transgressed, exploded, or reconstituted the artistic canon in the United States and Britain in the last two centuries.

My research has been most recently supported by an Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Grant (2004), Office of the State Historian of New Mexico Grant  (2009, 2011), R.C. Good Fellowship (2010/11, 2003/04), Elizabeth Firestone Graham Foundation, Publication Grant (1999), Ohio Arts Council Grant (1999), Ohio Humanities Grant (1999), and the Denison University Research Fund.

My teaching has been honored by a Burlington Northern Foundation, Faculty Achievement Award and the Charles A. Brickman Teaching Excellence Award, and my service has been honored by a President’s Award for Service to the PCA/ACA.

Current Projects:

  • The Visual Enchanting of the Land of Enchantment: Art, Tourism, and the Spectacle of the Southwest. Monograph.
  • “Nineteenth Century Women Abroad as Travelers and Tourists: New Visions of Nature in the Old World.” Article.
  • “From the Living Room to the Lecture Hall: Fine Art Reproductions in Nineteenth Century America.” Article.
Grants & Funding: 
  • DURF Grant to support research on women artists in New Mexico (Aug. 2102)
  • Mabel Dodge Luhan House writer’s residency (January 2012)

Selected Recent Publications:

Books and Monographs

  • Art History by Marilyn Stokstad. 4e edition, revision of chapters 29-32/ Book 6: 18th to 21st Century, Upper saddle River NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall, 2010. Fragonard’s Shoe: The Art of Jude Tallichet. New York: Sara Meltzer Gallery, New York, 2010.
  • Special Issue: American Art and Visual Culture. The Journal of American Culture, Blackwell Press. Volume 31, 1 (March, 2008). Co-Editor (with David Sokol).
  • Famous Works of Art in Popular Culture. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2003.
  • Out of Belfast (Three Women Artists from Belfast): Herbert, Kelly, and O’Baoill. Exhibition Catalogue. Columbus Ohio: The Elizabeth Firestone Graham Foundation and Denison University, 1999.


  • “Reframing the Study of American Visual Culture: From National Studies to Transnational Digital Networks.” The Journal of American Culture. Vol. 34, 1, March 2011.
  • scampa wulla wussa olobo’: Clumpism and the Crying Moon.” In Clumpism: Paul Rhoads and Matt Freedman, Long Island University Gallery, 2009.
  • From Magic Lantern Slide to Digital Image: Visual Communities and American Culture.” In “Special Issue: American Art and Visual Culture.” The Journal of American Culture. Vol. 31, 1, 1-5, March 2008.
  • Art Cheap and Good:“ The Art Union and the Middling classes in England and the United States, 1840-1860.” Nineteenth Century Art Worldwide. 1:1 (February 2002).
  • Imagined and Aesthetic Communities: The Art Union of London and the American Art Union.” In Coleccion y Circulacion de las Artes, Memorias del xxe Coloquio Internacional de Historia del Arte, Patricio (ed. Gustavo Curiel), Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico (1997), pp. 409-438.

Book chapters

  • “Wot is to Be?” The Visual Construction of Empire at the Crystal palace Exhibition, London”. In Fear and Loathing in Victorian England, edited by  Marlene Tromp, Marcia Bachman, and Heidi Kaufman. Columbus Ohio: Ohio State University Press, 2011.
  • Sorry to leave so many weeds”: Jane Gilmor’ in I’ll be back for the cat: The Art of Jane Gilmor. New York, 2011. 
  • Prints and Photographs in Nineteenth Century England: Visual Communities, Cultures and Class.” In A History of Visual Culture:Western Civilization from the 18th to the 21st Century. Jane Kromm and Susan Bakewell (eds). London: Berg Publishing, 2010.  296-308. 
  • Artists Taking the High Road and the Low Road.” In Popular Culture Values and the Arts: Essays on Elitism versus Democratization. Ray Browne (ed) North Carolina and London: McFarland Press, 2009. 109-124
  • Popular Art in North America.” In The Greenwood Encyclopedia of World Popular Culture: North America. Westport CT: Greenwood Press, 2007. Gary Hoppenstand (general editor), Michael Schoenecke (volume editor) 19-46.
  • Popular Art in Europe.” In The Greenwood Encyclopedia of World Popular Culture: Europe, Westport CT: Greenwood Press, 2007. Gary Hoppenstand (general editor), Gerd Bayer (volume editor) 27-57.

Selected Publications on Pedagogy

  • Function and Meaning in Georges Seurat’s La Grande Jatte.” In Methodologies of Art History. Pamela Trimpe and Jacob Molyneux (eds). Princeton NJ: The College Board, 2005, 1-6.
  • From the Trenches’, article and sample syllabus for undergraduate Art History Survey Course, in The AP Art History Handbook for Teachers. Cheryl Hughes (ed), Princeton, NJ: The College Board, 2003. 123-130.

Selected Recent Curatorial Projects/Exhibitions:

  • The Tourist View: From Grand Tours to Tramps Abroad. Denison University Museum, 2006.  Funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, The Ford Foundation, The Denison University Internship Program, and The Denison University Provost’s Office. September 10-December 10, 2006.
  • Out of Belfast (Three Women Artists from Belfast): Herbert, Kelly, O’Baoill. Denison University Art Gallery. Funded by the Ohio Humanities Council, NEH, and the Ohio Arts Council, the Firestone Foundation, and The  Aer Lingus Artists’ Program. September 1999-November 1999.
Professional Memberships: 

Recent Professional Positions:

  • President, Popular Culture Association/American Culture Association (PCA/ACA). 2011-2013.
  • President Elect, PCA/ACA. 2010-2011.
  • Vice-President of Area Chairs PCA/ACA. 2008-2010.
  • Co-President, PCA/ACA, 2007-2008.   
  • Vice-President/President Elect, American Culture Association (ACA). 2005-2008.
  • Chief Reader, AP Art History, College Board, Princeton, NJ. 2004-2007.
  • Chief Reader Designate, AP Art History, College Board, Princeton, NJ. 2003-2004.
  • Test Development Committee, AP Art History, ETS/College Board, Princeton, 2004-2007.

Denison University

  • Posse Mentor Boston Posse 2012
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Doug Spieles dr. Spieles, Douglas James Spieles

Doug Spieles
Associate Professor
Faculty  |  Environmental Studies
Barney-Davis Hall
B.S., University of Dayton; M.S., Ph.D., Ohio State University

Dr. Doug Spieles (B.S. Biology, University of Dayton; M.S., Ph.D. Environmental Science, The Ohio State University) is an Ohio native who grew up near Toledo. As a graduate student, Doug worked first in environmental entomology and then in wetland ecology. His dissertation work was completed with advisor Dr. Bill Mitsch, the premier wetlands expert in the U.S.

From 1998 to 2002, Dr. Spieles was an assistant professor of environmental science at Southwest State University in Marshall, MN. While in this position, he helped guide the formation of a new environmental science program, which involved curriculum design, course development, recruitment, advising, and teaching.

In his scholarship, Dr. Spieles focuses on the ecological development of constructed wetlands, primarily from the point of view of community and ecosystem ecology. He also has interests in environmental education and environmental history. Doug is a member of the Society of Wetland Scientists and the Licking Land Trust.

Doug joined Denison's Environmental Studies Program in 2002 and has been instrumental to the program both in teaching (Science & the Environment, Environmental Assessment, Wetland Ecology and Ecosystems Management) and in developing an analytical laboratory facility in Barney, which is used for water, soil, and biotic analyses in both curricular lab exercises and scholarly research projects.

Research Details: 

I study the ecological development of constructed wetlands. The number of constructed and restored wetlands in North America is growing through mitigation for legal compliance and conservation efforts, but we still know very little about ecosystem assembly.  I study the communities that develop in newly created or restored wetlands and the nutrient and energy flow through those communities. My recent articles describe research at this level: nutrient flow through constructed wetlands (Ecological Engineering Vol. 14), invertebrate community development in constructed wetlands (Wetlands Vol. 20 No. 4), and energy flow through the primary and secondary production of developing wetlands (Ecological Modelling Vol. 161). Such community/ecosystem level research is valuable in that it contributes to our understanding of freshwater wetland structure and function and as it improves our ability to successfully restore or create wetlands.

My most recent research is on the succession and development of wetland mitigation banks.  Mitigation banking is the process of restoring, creating, enhancing or preserving off-site wetland areas as legal compensation for impacted wetlands.  There are currently about 220 mitigation banks in the United States, and most have been developed in the past ten years.  By law, these systems are required to be monitored for five years, but very little is known about their long-term ecological status.  I recently authored the first systematic analysis of the vegetative state of mitigation banks (Wetlands Vol. 25 No. 1). I am also studying the development of two mitigation banks in central Ohio—the Hebron Mitigation Bank and Big Island Mitigation Bank—by comparing vegetation development, macroinvertebrate diversity and trophic representation, and soil characteristics of these sites with reference wetlands in the same region (Environmental Management, Vol. 38).

  • Spieles, D.J. and J. Horn.  2009.  Macroinvertebrate community structure in created wetlands of different successional stage. Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management 12(3)320-329.
  • Spieles, D.J.  2009.  Book Review: David Orr, Earth in Mind.  Journal of Environmental Psychology 29:168-170.
  • Spieles, D.J. and J.W. Mora.  2007.  Detrital sequestration and decomposition as measures of ecosystem function in created wetlands.  Journal of Freshwater Ecology 22(4):571-579.
  • Spieles, D.J., M. Coneybeer, and J. Horn.  2006.  Community structure and quality after ten years in two central Ohio mitigation bank wetlands.  Environmental Management 38:837-852.
  • Spieles, D.J.  2005.The role of biomanipulation in aquatic ecosystem restoration. In: Burk, A.R. (ed.)Progress in Aquatic Ecosystems Research.Nova Science Publishers, Inc. pp. 59-82.
  • Spieles, D. J.  2005.  Vegetation development in created, restored, and enhanced mitigation banks of the United States.Wetlands 25(1):51-63.
  • Spieles, D. J. and W. J. Mitsch. 2003. A model of secondary production and trophic structure in constructed wetlands. Ecological Modelling 161: 183-194.
  • Spieles, D. J. and G. Cunfer. 2002. Collaborative integration of GIS in co-curricular undergraduate research. Council on Undergraduate Research Quarterly September 2002, pp.41-44.
  • Spieles, D. J. 2001. Wetlands. In: Amato, A.J., J.T. Timmerman, and J.A. Amato (eds). Draining the Great Oasis: An Environmental History of Murray County, Minnesota. Crossings Press, Marshall,Minnesota. 282 pp.
  • Spieles, D. J. and W. J. Mitsch. 2000. Macroinvertebrate community structure in high and low nutrient constructed wetlands. Wetlands 20 (4): 716-729.
  • Spieles, D. J. and W. J. Mitsch. 2000. The effects of season and hydrologic and chemical loading on nitrate retention in constructed wetlands: A comparison of low and high nutrient riverine systems. Ecological Engineering 14: 77-91.
  • Spieles, D. J. and D. Horn. 1998. The Importance of Prey for Fecundity and Behavior in the Gypsy Moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) Predator Calosoma sycophanta (Coleoptera: Carabidae). Environmental Entomology 27 (2): 458-462.

Selected Publications

  • The fate of planted stock in the vegetation and seed bank of a young mitigation wetland, presented at the Society of Wetland Scientists Annual Meeting, Madison, WI 6/09
  • More precious than oil: water and international crisis, presented at Sigma Xi Science Café, Denison University, Granville, OH 10/08
  • Spatial analysis of Ohio wetland mitigation banks, presented at the Society of Wetland Scientists Annual Meeting, Sacramento, CA 6/07 and the Annual Meeting of the Ohio Biological Survey, Columbus, OH 11/06
  • Organic Sequestration and Decomposition as Measures of Funciton in Created Wetlands, Presented at the Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, Memphis, TN 8/06
  • Indicators of Ecosystem Structure and Biotic Integrity in Mitigation Wetlands, Presented at the Environmental Bioindicators Conference, Baltimore, MD 4/06
  • An Assessment of the Floristic and Macroinvertebrate Communities of Two Ten-Year-Old Mitigation Banks, Presented at the Society of Wetland Scientists Annual   Meeting, Charleston, SC, 6/05
  • Mitigation Banks: Compensatory Creation and Restoration of Wetlands, Presented at the Ecosystems Center, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, MA 11/04
  • Ecological Development of Mitigation Bank Wetlands, Presneted for the Denison Scientific Association, Denison University 11/04 and for the University of Dayton Department of Biology, 10/04
  • Vegetation Development in Created, Restored, and Enhanced Mitigation Banks of the United States, Presented at the Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, Portland, OR 8/04 and at the Society of Wetland Scientists Annual Meeting, Seattle, WA 7/04
  • A Model of Macroinvertebrate Trophic Structure and Oxygen Demand in Freshwater Wetlands, Presented at the Society of Wetland Scientists Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA 6/03
  • The Black Swamp: A Case Study of Ecological Succession and Human Inhabitation, Presented at the American Society for Environmental History Annual Meeting, Providence,RI, 3/03
  • Spatial Analysis of Waterfowl Habitat in a Restored Prairie Wetland, Presented at the National Wetlands Symposium, Indianapolis, IN 10/02
  • From Till to Tile: Environmental History of Murray County, Minnesota, Presented at PipestoneNational Monument, Pipestone, MN 5/02
  • Fire on the Prairie: Inspiration and Innovation in Teaching Science, Presented at the Minnesota Science Teachers Annual Conference, Willmar, MN 4/02
  • Macroinvertebrate Community Structure in High and Low Nutrient Constructed Wetlands, Presented at the 22nd Annual Meeting of the Society of Wetland Scientists, Chicago,IL 6/01
  • Active Learning in the Undergraduate Classroom: Co-curricular Undergraduate Research, Presented at the Collaboration for the Advancement of College Teaching and Learning, Minneapolis, MN 2/01
  • The Effects of Season and Hydrologic Loading on Nitrate Retention in Constructed Wetlands, Presented at the 20th Annual Meeting of the Society of Wetland Scientists, Norfolk, VA 6/99
  • Regional River Monitoring: Student-led Analysis of the Redwood River, Lyon County, Minnesota, Presented at the Annual Conference of the Minnesota State Colleges and Universities Center for Teaching and Learning, Minneapolis, MN 5/99 
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Karen Spierling Spierling, Karen Spierling

Karen Spierling
Associate Professor
Early Modern Europe
Faculty  |  History
Fellows Hall
B.A., Yale University; M.A., Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, Madison

Karen Spierling joined the Denison faculty in 2010. She teaches courses on early modern European topics, including the Renaissance and Reformation, the Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment, riots and revolutions, the era of the great “witch hunts,” and European travelers in their increasingly global contexts. In her teaching, Dr. Spierling is especially interested in the transformation of religious ideas as they were put into practice, the development of discussions about authority and individual rights, and the complicated dynamics of European expansion and intercultural global exchanges in the early modern period.

Dr. Spierling’s research interests focus on the history of the Reformation, in particular the interplay among religious, social, and political concerns in the development and spread of Reformed (Calvinist) Protestantism. Her first book, Infant Baptism in Reformation Geneva: The Shaping of a Community, 1536–1564 (Ashgate, 2005; paperback–Westminster John Knox, 2009) examined the ways that negotiations among reformers, civic leaders, and church members influenced the Reformed practice of baptism, a fundamental ritual in any Christian society. Her current work focuses on the perpetuation of Protestant-Catholic relations in sixteenth-century Geneva, which was reputed to be the most strictly reformed city in Europe, and on the daily workings of such a “Reformed” society. Her recent publications include: “Putting ‘God’s Honor First’: Truth, Lies, and Servants in Reformation Geneva,”Church History and Religious Culture 92 (2012); “Reformation Understandings of Women, Marriage, and Family,” in David M. Whitford, ed., The T&T Clark Companion to Reformation Theology (London: T&T Clark, 2012); “Putting Order to Disorder: Illegitimate Children, Their Parents and the Consistory in Reformation Geneva,” in Raymond A. Mentzer and Françoise Moreil, eds, Dire l’interdit: the vocabulary of censure and exclusion in the early modern Reformed tradition (Leiden: Brill, 2010); and Defining Community in Early Modern Europe, co-edited with Michael Halvorson (Ashgate, 2008).

Dr. Spierling received her B.A. in Renaissance Studies from Yale University and her M.A. and Ph.D. in History from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Prior to coming to Denison, Dr. Spierling was an Associate Professor of History at the University of Louisville and a Visiting Associate Professor at The Ohio State University.

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Charles Édouard St-Georges St-Georges, Charles Édouard St-Georges

Charles Édouard St-Georges
Assistant Professor
Faculty  |  Modern Languages, Spanish
Fellows Hall
B.A., Brigham Young University; M.A., Arizona State University; Ph.D., Arizona State University

Charles St-Georges is a native of rural southern Arizona. He grew up doing theatre (participating in more than 40 plays) and began his academic career studying theatre before his intellectual curiosity led him to languages and cultures. During his undergraduate studies, he completed a major in Spanish and a minor in Russian, after which he found work as an interpreter in various fields including healthcare, law enforcement, and insurance.

Charles then went on to pursue two masters degrees: one in Spanish language and culture, and one in French linguistics. He taught grammar and literature courses at Arizona State University while completing his Ph.D. in Spanish cultural studies, for which he successfully defended a dissertation that analyzed the temporal trope of the ghost and the rhetorical figure of the family in horror films from Mexico, Spain, and Argentina.

Research Overview: 
Hispanic film; Latin American popular culture; gender and queer issues; representations of temporality in rhetoric and film; post colonialism
Research Details: 

Charles is currently the Production Editor for the academic journal Chasqui: revista de literatura latinoamericana. His research mainly focuses on the intersections between normative discourse and representations of time in (usually filmic) narratives from the Hispanic world. He is particularly concerned with the relationship between Western historicism, the supposedly apolitical realm of chronological time, and the persistent use of ghosts and specters to represent historical injustice in Latin American and Peninsular film.


Book Chapters

  • Zombies as Temporal Critique: Sudor frío (2010) and Generations of Youth in Post-Dictatorship Argentina.” Zombies in the Hispanic World. Ed. Mónica Ayala-Martínez. Accepted chapter.
  • The Literalization of Trauma’s Specter and the Problematization of Time in The Appeared (Aparecidos).” Ghostly Hauntings and the Talking Dead in Contemporary Latin American and Iberian Narratives. Ed. Amanda Peterson and Alberto Ribas. Book proposal under second review.
  • The Modernized Myth and Mythical Modernity: Kilómetro 31 as Bourgeois Horror.” Mexican Horror Films: Studies in the Horror Film. Ed. Gerardo Cummings. Accepted chapter.


  • El espectro de la realidad en dos novelas de Manuel Mujica Láinez.” Confluencia 29.2 (2014): 116-28.
  • Cosas de mujeres: La demarcación de lo líquido como espacio femenino en Kilómetro 31.Polifonía 2 (2012): 57–67. Print.
  • La dualidad y la (in)mortalidad: las dimensiones fantasmales de Santuarios del corazón.” Puentes 8 (2010): 91–99. Print.
  • Reflexiones sobre la (in)dependencia puertorriqueña: intelectualismo vs. sabiduría colectiva en La guaracha del Macho Camacho.Arenas Blancas 11 (2010): 7–11. Print.


  • Rev. of  Subero, Gustavo. Queer Masculinities in Contemporary Latin American Cinema: Male Bodies and Narrative Representations. Imagofagia 10 (2014): n. pag. Web. (ISSN: 1852-9550)
  • Rev. of Vázquez, David J. Triangulations: Narrative Strategies for Navigating Latino Identity. Chasqui 41.2 (2012): 255-57. Print.
  • Rev. of Podalsky, Laura. The Politics of Affect and Emotion in Contemporary Latin American Cinema: Argentina, Brazil, Cuba, and Mexico. Imagofagia 6 (2012): n. pag. Web. (ISSN: 1852-9550)
  • Rev. of Elsaesser, Thomas and Malte Hagener. Film theory: an introduction through the senses. Imagofagia 4 (2011): n. pag. Web. (ISSN: 1852-9550)
  • Rev. of Kilómetro 31. Chasqui 38.2 (2009): 236–38. Print.

Conference Proceedings

  • La interrogación infantil del orden simbólico en El orfanato.” Actas del II Congreso Internacional de la Asociación Argentina de Estudios de Cine y Audiovisual. Buenos Aires, 2010. Web.
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Catherine Stuer Stuer, Catherine Stuer

Catherine Stuer
Assistant Professor
Faculty  |  Art History & Visual Culture, Environmental Studies
Bryant Arts Center
B.A., Catholic University of Leuven; M.A., National Taiwan University; Ph.D., University of Chicago
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Kevin Suh Suh, Yewseok Suh

Kevin Suh
Visiting Assistant Professor
Faculty  |  Biology
Samson Talbot Hall of Biological Science
B.S., M.S., Chonbuk National University, Republic of Korea; Ph.D., Florida State University
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Taku Suzuki dr. Suzuki, Taku Suzuki

Taku Suzuki
Associate Professor
Faculty  |  East Asian Studies, International Studies
Fellows Hall
B.A., Meiji Gakuin University; M.A., University of Minnesota; Ph.D., University of Minnesota

Professor Suzuki is an Assistant Professor in International Studies. He earned a B.A. in International Stuides from Meiji Gakuin University in Yokohama, Japan, and a M.A. and a Ph.D. in Sociocultural Anthropology from the University of Minnesota. He has conducted field research in the Okinawan immigrant communities in eastern Bolivia and Okinawan-Bolivian immigrant communities in eastern Japan, and is currently interested in a transnational Okinawan peace and environmental activism. He teaches courses in introductory International Studies, globalization and diversification of Japanese society, trans-Pacific Asian communities and identities, race and class formations in a global perspective, and comparative Asian immigrant experiences in the Americas.

Research Overview: 
Tourism and political activism, creation of history and memory, race and ethnicity, transnational migrations and globalization, Okinawa and Japan, the Mariana Islands, Asian America/Asian Diaspora in the Americas, Bolivia.
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